Before you get nervous and start pulling out the old magnifying glass, here's a link to the larger equal population USA map. Take a moment if you wish, to go check out what state you'd be living in when we christen the New America.
How many times have you started a sentence with, "All things being equal..."
Well, a fellow named Neil Freeman put this map together as an art project, or as he says, "not a serious proposal." Don't you just love it when someone qualifies their presentation? Actually, it's a bit Jules Vernian, but I like it. I like it a lot. So Neil, relax, I'm not going to criticize. I'm going to congratulate you on what must have been painstaking.
Each state in Freeman's redrawn America has a population of roughly 6,175,000.
Many state capitals were maintained in Freeman's configuration; otherwise, large or central cities were chosen. Suggested names of the new states, he adds, were taken mainly from geographical features, including mountain ranges (Adirondack, Blue Ridge, Ozark), peaks (Mammoth), rivers (Susquehanna), lakes (Salt Lake), plants (Yerba Buena) and even caves (Shiprock).
Equalizing the population of each state would then provide them with the same number of congressional representatives in both houses. Accordingly, this equalizes the electoral college, preserving its structure and function -- simultaneously ending the over representation of small states and under representation of large states in presidential voting.
The fundamental problem of the electoral college is that the states of the United States are too disparate in size and influence. The largest state is 66 times as populous as the smallest and has 18 times as many electoral votes. This allows for Electoral College results that don't match the popular vote.
Everything in the New U.S. of A. would be equal in regards to population by pure numbers. This doesn't mean there won't be states more ethnic than others. Hell, that exists today. Whites are a minority in both Texas and California and that trend is growing.
Oh, and in case you were worrying about the District of Columbia -- it's included into the new state of Washington (on the east coast; not to be confused with what is now Ranier and Shasta), with the Mall, major monuments and Federal buildings set off as the seat of the federal government.